地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 10-15.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.02.002

• 环境治理工程与信息技术应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

徐州矿区土地利用变化遥感监测及塌陷地复垦利用研究

陈龙乾1, 郭达志1, 胡召玲2, 盛业华1, 张海荣1   

  1. 1. 中国矿业大学国土资源研究所,徐州 221008;
    2. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院,徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2004-01-01 修回日期:2004-03-01 出版日期:2004-03-25 发布日期:2004-03-25
  • 作者简介:陈龙乾(1964-),男,江苏阜宁人,副教授,博士后,主研究方向为资源环境监测和管理。出版著作7部(含合著),发表论文50余篇。E-mail: chenlq@cumt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(49871069);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK2002117)。

A Study on Remote Sensing Monitoring Land Use Change and Reclamation Measures of Subsided Land in Xuzhou Coal Mining Area

CHEN Longqian1, GUO Dazhi1, HU Zhaoling2, SHENG Yehua1, ZHANG Hairong1   

  1. stitute of Territory Resources, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221008, China;2 College of Urban and Environmental Science, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China
  • Received:2004-01-01 Revised:2004-03-01 Online:2004-03-25 Published:2004-03-25

摘要:

基于1987、1994和2000年三期TM遥感图像,将徐州矿区土地利用类型划分为建成区、耕地、林地、水体、塌陷地和其他土地等6类,编制了3个不同时段的土地利用结构变化图;提取并分析了土地利用结构转移变化的矩阵信息和土地利用结构的动态变化。研究表明:采煤塌陷土地面积在不断扩大,年均增加率为6.33%,塌陷地复垦速度仍赶不上塌陷速度。着眼于技术、规划、资金和管理等方面的综合视角,探明塌陷土地复垦的工程技术措施和对策,对于进一步加大土地复垦力度,促进矿区土地资源可持续利用,具有重要的现实意义和价值。

关键词: 塌陷地, 土地复垦工程, 土地利用动态变化, 徐州矿区, 遥感监测

Abstract:

With the use of TM imageries of Xuzhou in 1987, 1994 and 2000, the change maps of land use structure of relevant periods of its coal mining areas were compiled, and the classified land use type was divided into 6 kinds, i.e. the construction area, cultivated land, forestland, body of water, subsided land from coal mine and the other land. The situations of dynamic change of land use were analyzed comprehensively, the conversion matrix of land use structure about the different temporal classified TM imageries was interpreted, and the reclamation measures of subsided land were probed. The results indicate that: the area of subsided land due to coal mining was increasing and the speed of land reclamation did not catch up with that of land subsidence. Therefore, it is necessary to accelerate the force to the land reclamation. And from the view of technique, planning, fund and management, it is necessary to adopt the reclamation measures of subsided land, including mainly: (1) to adopt the suitable reclamation techniques; (2) to put forward a general scientific planning on subsided land reclamation of; (3) to construct an effective input mechanism of the reclamation of subsided land; (4) to establish a comprehensive organization to actualize the project of subsided land reclamation.

Key words: dynamic change of land use, reclamation engineering of land, remote sensing monitoring, subsided land, Xuzhou coal mining area