地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 79-88.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.01.009

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

土地持续利用研究进展

戴尔阜, 吴绍洪   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2003-10-01 修回日期:2003-12-01 出版日期:2004-01-24 发布日期:2004-01-24
  • 作者简介:戴尔阜(1972- ),男,汉族,甘肃省平凉人,博士。主要从事自然地理学、资源环境信息系统及遥感应用研究。E-mail: daief@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学重点基金(40131010);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程领域前沿项目(CXIOG-A02-03)。

Sustainable land use: literature review and research progress

DAI Erfu, WU Shaohong   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2003-10-01 Revised:2003-12-01 Online:2004-01-24 Published:2004-01-24

摘要:

自1990年印度农业研究会、美国农业部和美国Rodale研究所在新德里举行的首次国际土地持续利用研讨会上提出土地持续利用思想以后,国内外众多学者和研究机构对土地持续利用展开了广泛的研究。在明确土地持续利用概念和内涵的基础上,本文回顾、总结了国内外土地持续利用研究进展:首先阐述了土地持续利用研究的目标和内容,其次从土地合理利用的系统分析、土地合理利用评价和综合研究模型三个方面论述了国际土地持续利用研究进展,并且对国内近年来土地持续利用的研究内容进行分类总结和评述,最后阐述了目前研究中的问题和今后研究展望。

关键词: 评价, 土地持续利用, 系统分析, 综合研究模型

Abstract:

The concept of Sustainable Land Use (SLU) was firstly proposed at the first international symposium on sustainable land use that was held by Indian Council of Agricuiltural Research(ICAR), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and United States Rodale Institute at New Delhi on 1990. From then on, extensive research works has been performed internationally by many scholars and research societies, covering all aspects that related to sustainable land use. This paper aims at reviewing literature on sustainable land use research, expounding research progress, and lastly advising future research directions. Firstly, concept and connotation on SUL was identified,which can be expressed as land use structure and land use approach that can fulfill improving human demand, reserve and improve human living standard, to be harmonious and effective on land use structure, ecologically suitable, economically viable and socially acceptable. Secondly, research scope and objectives on SLU were also illustrated. The fundamental objectives on SUL study is to investigate land use dynamics, to forecast future changing directions, as well as to analyze driving factors to these changes and lastly to select suitable decisions on sustainable land use strategy at different scales. So, research focuses on investigating land changing process, and formulating regionally or globally integrated models. On international research progress, three aspects on SUL study are summarized and discussed, which includes systematic analysis, assessment and integrated research models on SUL. Following conclusions can be drawn through literature review and research progress investigation: ① SUL study must be performed under extensively international cooperation and multi-discipline scholars. ② On modeling approach to mechanism and progress analysis on SUL, multi-space and hyper-time models should be fulfilled based on scientific and perfect theory base. ③ SUL modeling approach should be performed on mechanism analysis and process analysis. ④ On quantitative approach, there are so many factors, especially those related to social, economic and cultural issues,being too difficult to be quantified, which prevents penetrating analysis on SUL study. ⑤ The difficulty on data acquiring as well as data quantify has always been obstacles for SUL. ⑥ How to cover all aspects and factors that related to physical, social and ecological perspective, and how to express temporal process on these aspects and factors, still needs to be further studied. After catalog and comment on Chinese research proceedings on SUL, unfortunately, it can be found that gap still exists on Chinese study status comparing to that international. Such disparity are major: ① Theory investigation is major based upon traditional land use analysis, but not on structure, function and evolving process investigation directly related to SUL. ② On SUL assessment, much effort is focused on land suitability extension, and not giving prominence to SUSTAINABILITY and TEMPORAL, which are the core of SUL. ③ Statistical methods are widely used on driving mechanism study to SUL, while mechanism-based and process-based analyzing approach has not been performed. ④ Abroad model for SUL study are implemented in Chinese study, our own models that suitable to China has not be reported. Even though, many peculiar work has also been done on special areas, just like SUL study to Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, Three Gorge Area, North-East Plain in China, Loess Plateau, Tibet Plateau and so on. These works also serve as study samples to international SUL research. On Chinese research direction in the future, we basically think that focus should be attended on fundamental theory, application theory and special study cases to SUL.

Key words: assessment, integrated research models, Sustainable Land Use (SLU), systematic analysis