地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (1): 22-29.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.01.003

• 环境治理工程 • 上一篇    下一篇

人工湿地污水处理技术及其在我国发展的现状与前景

于少鹏1,2, 王海霞1, 万忠娟1, 孙广友1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所,长春 130012;
    2. 哈尔滨学院地理系,哈尔滨 150080
  • 收稿日期:2003-09-01 修回日期:2003-11-01 出版日期:2004-01-24 发布日期:2004-01-24
  • 作者简介:于少鹏(1972-),男,在读博士, 副教授,主要从事环境地学,湿地科学等方面的研究,发表文章10余篇。Email:ysp1234@sohu.com
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院重大湿地支持项目(KZCX2-302)。

Treatment Technology of Wastewater Using Constructed Wetland and Its Present Status and Future Prospects in China

YU Shaopeng1,2, WANG Haixia1, WAN Zhongjuan1, SUN Guangyou1   

  1. 1. The Northeast Institution of Geography Agricultural Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012;
    2. Department of Geography of Harbin University, Harbin 150086
  • Received:2003-09-01 Revised:2003-11-01 Online:2004-01-24 Published:2004-01-24

摘要:

人工湿地有着独具特色的净污机理、功能,正在不断地受到全球的重视。本文在国内外研究的基础上,简要介绍了人工湿地污水处理技术的机理、类型,对其优势与不足进行了系统的分析。作者对我国研究、应用现状和存在问题进行了阐述,认为我国发展人工湿地处理污水具有广阔的发展前景,对目前应当开展的工作提出了战略性的观点。

关键词: 前景, 人工湿地, 污水处理技术, 现状

Abstract:

Constructed wetland is an integrated ecosystem ,it has particular mechanism and function on treatment of wastewater. Many countries are paying more attention to it increasingly. Based on the research of all the world , this paper concisely introduces the mechanism and classification of treatment technology of wastewater and analyzes its advantages and deficiencies by the numbers. The advantages of constructed wetland are correspondingly low investment,variety and pertinence of treatment systems , efficient purification capability and especial virescence benefit. The deficiencies are mainly the large-scale land requirement ,more saturation phenomena and limitation with climate than traditional wastewater treatment plants ,but these deficiencies can be hurdled through continuous research. After expatiating the present status of research and application , the paper points out the widely applied prospects of treatment technology of wastewater using constructed wetland in China ,especially in the rural areas and small cities. At last , the author brings forward strategical viewpoint on how to develop it at present. It includes enhancing perception extent ,developing scientific research with focal points and taking ripe technology as chief choice with enough argumentation.

Key words: Constructed wetland, Future prospects, Present status, Treatment technology of wastewater