地理科学进展 ›› 2002, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (6): 573-582.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.06.007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

潮河流域时变增益分布式水循环模型研究

王纲胜1, 夏军1,2, 谈戈1, 吕爱锋3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;
    2. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所,乌鲁木齐 830011;
    3. 武汉大学 武汉 430072
  • 收稿日期:2002-08-01 修回日期:2002-09-01 出版日期:2002-11-24 发布日期:2002-11-24
  • 作者简介:王纲胜(1978-),男,博士生,主要从事变化环境下水循环研究。E-mail:wanggs@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程方向性及领域前沿项目资助(KZCX2-SW-317/CX10G-E01-08);中科院"百人计划"项目资助

A Research on Distributed Time Variant Gain Model: a Case Study on Chaohe River Basin

WANG Gang sheng1, XIA Jun1,2, TAN Ge1, LV Aifeng3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing100101 China;
    2. Wuhan University, Wuhan430072 China;
    3. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi830011 China
  • Received:2002-08-01 Revised:2002-09-01 Online:2002-11-24 Published:2002-11-24

摘要: 在广泛了解有关分布式水文模型研究进展的基础上,结合中国实际资料条件和问题,提出了一种"水文循环机理-系统理论"相耦合的分布式水循环模型——时变增益分布式水循环模型(DTVGM),并建立了潮河流域分布式水文循环模型。实例研究表明,DTVGM的应用是比较成功的,基本上能够满足水资源管理的要求。

关键词: 潮河流域, 分布式水循环模型, 系统理论

Abstract: By probing into the evolvement of distributed hydrological model and considering real conditions of the arid or semi arid regions in China, this paper advances Distributed Time Variant Gain Model (DTVGM) by coupling the mechanism of water cycle with system theory. The distinguish feature of TVGM is that runoff generation contribution can be analyzed by a set of time variant gain parameters (g1, g2, etc.). The rainfall runoff relationship characterized by TVGM is just a typical nonlinear behavior. DTVGM is developed based on TVGM. It picks up such information as the gradient of the slope, the direction of the slope, the water current path, as well as the boundaries of the river network and the watershed of the land surface units with DEM by establishing itself on the basis of GIS/DEM. It simulates the movement of the water in the soil vegetation atmosphere (SVAT) system, describes the relation between the cellular grids in the horizontal direction, and performs mathematical calculations of the surface water and the groundwater on the watershed cellular grids divided by DEM. DTVGM includes two components: one is runoff generation process on grid elements; the other is flow routing process based on ranked grids. At present, the runoff generation process is divided into two layers in the vertical direction: the upper layer is the surface flow; the lower layer is the subsurface flow. On the other hand, the kinematic wave models are applied to simulate the flow routing process. At the end of the paper, the distributed hydrological model of Chaohe River Basin is established by applying DTVGM. The research results indicate that the application of DTVGM is successful, which can satisfy the requirement of water resources management.

Key words: Chaohe River Basin, Distributed Hydrological Model, System Theory

中图分类号: 

  • X143