地理科学进展 ›› 2002, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (5): 491-499.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.05.011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市生活空间及社区可持续发展研究现状与趋势

孙峰华1, 王兴中2   

  1. 1. 烟台师范学院旅游文化研究所,烟台264025;
    2. 西安外国语学院人文地理研究所,西安710061
  • 收稿日期:2002-06-01 修回日期:2002-07-01 出版日期:2002-09-24 发布日期:2002-09-24
  • 作者简介:孙峰华(1957-),山东单县人,教授,所长,主要研究领域为社区地理学,已发表论著70余篇(部)。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40071032)

The Status Quo and Trends of the Study on City Life-space and Community Sustainable Development in China

SUN Feng hua1, WANG Xing zhong2   

  1. 1. Research Institute of Tourism and Culture, Yantai Normal University, Yantai 264025 China;
    2. Xi’an Foreign Languages University, Xi’an 710061 China
  • Received:2002-06-01 Revised:2002-07-01 Online:2002-09-24 Published:2002-09-24

摘要: 本文首先回顾了西方发达国家研究城市生活空间和社区可持续发展的历史 ,指出中国对该论题的研究仅处于起步阶段。中国研究城市生活空间和社区可持续发展的现状主要包括以下 7个方面 :1城市生活空间要素研究 ;2城市生活空间结构及其基本理论研究 ;3城市生活空间质量评价与实践探索 ;4城市生活空间规划的理论研究与实践探索 ;5城市生活空间适居性研究 ;6城市生活空间发展变化的研究 ;7城市生活空间与社区可持续发展研究。其趋势主要表现在以下 6个方面 :1城市生活空间与自然的和谐 ;2城市生活空间结构要素的协调发展和社区系统要素的整合 ;3城市生活空间整合和社区融合 ;4城市生活情境空间和社区情境空间的总体艺术布局 ;5绿色城市生活空间和绿色社区设计 ;6城市生活信息空间和智能环境社区。总之 ,创建绿色城市生活空间和绿色社区 ,促进城市社区的可持续发展 ,是 2 1世纪诸多相关学科共同研究的主题。为了今后更好地开展城市生活空间和社区可持续发展研究 ,本文提出了研究中应该注意的若干问题。

关键词: 城市生活空间, 趋势, 社区可持续发展, 现状, 中国

Abstract: This paper first looks back on the history of the study on city life space and community sustainable development in Western developed countries. It then points out that the research on this new issue in China is relatively slower. The study on city life space and community sustainable development in China mainly covers the following 7 domains, namely, ① research of the chief elements of city life space; ② research of the structure and basic theories of city life space; ③ evaluation and practical exploration of the quality of city life space; ④ theoretical approach and practical exploration of city life space designing; ⑤ research of the residence-worthiness of city life space; ⑥ research of the change as well as development of city life space; and ⑦ research of city life space and community sustainable development. Six trends of development in this field are predictable: ① to find harmoniousness, on the basis of human beings and the nature, between the construction of city life space and community; ② to transfer gradually from the study of city life space structure and present community system to that of the coordinative development of structural elements of city life space and the conformity of systematic elements of community; ③ to transfer gradually from the study of the differentiation of city life space and segregation of community to that of conformity of city life space and harmony of community; ④ to transfer gradually from the study of present city life space and community designing to that of general artistic distribution of circumstance space of city life and community; ⑤ to transfer gradually from the study of the present city life space and community designing to that of green city life space and community designing; and ⑥ to transfer gradually from the study of the morphology space and image space of city life and community to that of the informational city life space and intelligential environmental community. Thus it is important that the relevant disciplines in this field coordinate closely to deepen the study on the subjects and expand the study domain. Human beings, with the developing of society, economy, culture, science and technology, will have higher demands on the space of city life as well as the quality of community. This means that city life space and community sustainable development will experience a kind of revolution, which will revolve around the construction of green city life space and green community, and which will hold as its goal the promotion of community sustainable development. Therefore the relevant disciplines, when studying city life space and community in their material pattern, physical space, spirit space, behavior space, landscape system, spatial structure, horizon, open spatial system, artistic features and so on, should interrelate closely human beings and the nature, to construct green city space and green community and to promote community sustainable development.

Key words: China, city life space, community sustainable development, status quo, trend

中图分类号: 

  • X22