地理科学进展 ›› 2002, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (5): 484-490.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.05.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

居民对生活质量评估与区域经济发展的定量分析

李小建, 乔家君   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,河南开封475001
  • 收稿日期:2002-04-01 修回日期:2002-08-01 出版日期:2002-09-24 发布日期:2002-09-24
  • 作者简介:李小建(1954-),男,教授,博士生导师。从事经济地理学教学和研究工作。E-mail:xjli@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    河南省科技攻关重点项目;河南大学自然科学基金项目资助

An Assessment of Household Living Quality and Its Relationship with Regional Economic Development

LI Xiao jian, QIAO Jia jun   

  1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001 China
  • Received:2002-04-01 Revised:2002-08-01 Online:2002-09-24 Published:2002-09-24

摘要: 通过对全国 1 5个省份 1 9个县 (市 )近万户调查数据的分析得出 :居民对自己生活状况的主观评价与区域经济发展水平并不呈现显著正相关关系 ;居民对自己生活状况的满意程度在城乡间、县际间存在一定差异 ,一般为城市高于农村。不同县域居民对影响其生活质量的主要因子的认识有很强的一致性。区域发展研究中 ,应当关注居民生活质量评估指标。

关键词: 居民生活质量, 满意度, 区域经济发展

Abstract: Interview data from 9970 households reveals that satisfactory level of household living quality assessed by individuals does not follow a significant relationship with the level of regional economic development indicated by GDP per capita. Regions with relevant higher per capita GDP sometimes associate with lower level of satisfaction. This is because, firstly, the expected level by the households in the better-developed regions is usually higher. People have financial capacity as well as time to enjoy recreation in nice environments. Secondly, some relevant wealthy regions associate with environment pollution and transport congestion, while some poor region residents enjoy their moderate yet not wealthy life. Another finding concerns that the satisfactory degree varies among counties, cities and rural districts. In general, people in city show higher satisfactory degree than in rural district. People in different counties identify similar patterns and structures in assessing impact factors. The most satisfactory factor is the relationship of family members while the most unsatisfactory factor is the job opportunity and payment.

Key words: household living quality, regional economic development, satisfactory degree

中图分类号: 

  • F126