地理科学进展 ›› 2002, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (5): 410-419.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.05.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

国家能源、矿产资源安全的功能区划与西部地区定位

谷树忠, 耿海青, 姚予龙   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-08-01 修回日期:2002-08-01 出版日期:2002-09-24 发布日期:2002-09-24
  • 作者简介:谷树忠(1963-),男,研究员,博士生导师。主要从事资源经济与资源安全领域的研究,发表学术论文约60篇。E-mail:gusz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-SQ-318-01-01);暨中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所领域前沿项目(CXIOG-B00-02)

The Compartmentalization of Functional Areas for National Resourse Security and the Orientation of the West China

GU Shu zhong, GENG Hai qing, YAO Yu long   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS, Beijing 100101 China
  • Received:2002-08-01 Revised:2002-08-01 Online:2002-09-24 Published:2002-09-24

摘要: 资源安全是国家安全的重要组成部分。国家资源安全须建立在地区间合理分工与协作的基础之上 ,是对地区资源安全的整合。我国东、中、西三大地带的资源赋存状况和社会经济条件差异显著 ,在保障国家资源安全方面承担的职能也应有所区别。能源和矿产资源是非原位性资源 ,地区间的合理配置是保障国家资源安全的基础 ;为此 ,本文在综合考虑资源条件、交通运输条件以及生态条件等因素的前提下 ,进行了国家能矿资源安全的功能区域划分 ,提出应将全国的能矿资源富集区划分为开发区、接替区和储备区三种类型 ,并将这一划分方案具体运用到西部地区 ,针对各能矿资源集中区的实际情况 ,提出了相应的对策和建议。最后 ,在客观评价西部能矿资源特点及开发现状的基础上 ,展望了西部在国家资源安全格局中所应具有的地位以及为此需要做出的努力。

关键词: 功能区划, 矿产资源, 能源资源, 西部地区, 资源安全

Abstract: Resource security is an important part of the national security. National resource security is based on the integration of regional resource securities within the same country. From social, economic and natural aspects, the East, the Middle and the West of China should undertake different functions in national resource security. The energy & mineral resources are extractive resources whose rational allocation in different areas is vital to the national resource security. This paper makes a compartmentalization of the functional areas for the national resource security by taking account of resource, transportation and ecological situations. Here, the areas rich in energy & mineral resources are divided into three functional regions: the exploiting region, the relaying region and the reserving region. Furthermore, this scheme has been put into practice by using the West China as a studying object. For the situations are various, the concrete countermeasures should be different. At the end of this paper, based on the impersonal assessment of the energy & mineral characteristics and the current exploiting situations, the prospect as well as the relevant proposals of the West China in the country’s resource security frame is brought forward.

Key words: energy resources, mineral resources, regional function arrangement, resource security, Western China

中图分类号: 

  • F205