地理科学进展 ›› 2002, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (4): 391-400.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2002.04.012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球竞争与地方传统产业的竞争力构建——以温州为例

张晓平1,2, 金凤君1, 刘卫东1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 河南大学环境与规划学院开封,475001
  • 收稿日期:2002-04-01 修回日期:2002-06-01 出版日期:2002-07-24 发布日期:2002-07-24
  • 作者简介:张晓平(1972-),女,中科院地理科学与资源研究所博士研究生,主要从事产业布局与区域发展研究。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新重点项目(KZCX-3)

Competitiveness of Local Traditional Industries towards Globalization: Cases from Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province

ZHANG Xiao ping1,2, JIN Feng jun1, LIU Wei dong1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS, Beijing 100101 China;
    2. College of Environment and Planning, Henan Universtiy, Kaifeng 475001, China
  • Received:2002-04-01 Revised:2002-06-01 Online:2002-07-24 Published:2002-07-24

摘要: 全球化形势下地方生产体系的构建和区域竞争力问题是现今学术界关注的焦点之一。我国浙江省和苏南地区 ,传统产业的地方化生产体系已经有了一定基础 ,对推动地方经济的发展做出了很大贡献。经济活动全球化的发展 ,进一步强化了地方化生产体系的重要性。本文分析了温州地方化企业网络的特征 ,并以浙江温州正泰集团和温州俊尔高聚物公司两家企业为例 ,阐明在全球化作用下 ,地方中小企业可通过企业网络重建和持续的学习与创新 ,构建其竞争优势。

关键词: 地方生产体系, 企业网络, 全球化

Abstract: The development models in the rapid growth areas along China coast after reform and opening up to the international market include two models, one of which is called the Jiangsu-Zhejiang model. This means that the principle power for economic development in these regions mainly relies on regional and domestic markets rather than on oversea ones. The economic development of the township enterprises and the coordination between the internal and external regions are the two characteristics in Zhejiang Province and Jiangsu Province. The local industrial clusters in Wenzhou, Zhejiang province, which has generated high rate of regional economic development, are now confronted with new challenges in the globalization age, because most local enterprises are middle and small sized ones and are engaged in traditional industrial productions, such as shoes, glasses, clothes and other commodities. However, the globalization will consolidate the important role of locally industrial system played in the regional development, rather than weaken it as some people have supposed to be. The main concern of this paper is firstly devoted to discuss the features of local networks in Wenzhou city, and then by employing the two cases, it is argued that local industrial clusters can maintain and further improve their competitiveness by expanding their national and global networks which are deeply embedded in local networks, as well as by keeping the dynamic capability of learning and innovation which is oriented to upgrade the local traditional industry. Furthermore, it is suggested local enterprises to develop networks which represent a set of selective and explicit linkages between one firm and others with which it has technological and marketing relations as well as other social and cultural linkages, aiming at mutual advantages. Such linkages may take a material or a non material form and include supplier user relationships, subcontracting, production sharing, joint ventures, licensing agreements, and R&D collaboration, etc. This finding has important implications for the regional development and industrial structure adjustment ongoing in China.

Key words: Firm network, Globalization, Local industrial system

中图分类号: 

  • F279.27