地理科学进展 ›› 2001, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (s1): 113-120.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2001.s1.013

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

“农业专家决策支撑系统”的原理和方法

梁启章, 李钜章   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-08-01 修回日期:2001-09-01 出版日期:2001-12-24 发布日期:2001-12-24
  • 作者简介:梁启章(1940-),男,研究员。主要从事农业专家系统研究,发表论文、专著多篇。

The Theory and Method of Agricultural Expert Decision Support System

LIANG Qi-zhang, LI Ju-zhang   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2001-08-01 Revised:2001-09-01 Online:2001-12-24 Published:2001-12-24

摘要: 本文在总结多年的研究与实践经验基础上,提出了“农业专家决策支撑系统”的基本原理与方法。这类系统的设计目标是帮助基层领导提出农业结构的优化方案,提出农林牧渔与农产品加工业的协调发展战略,并在结构优化基础上制定农业年度生产计划和长远发展规划,提高农业开发投资(资金、物资、运输和仓储等)和农业布局决策的科学水平。开发这类系统的关键技术包括:基于预测模型的农业发展规划/计划的计算机模拟方法,农业结构优化多标准评价模型,农业投资决策评估模型,农业专家知识获取和知识库建立方法,农业运输和仓储系统分析和发展战略决策方法,决策支持系统和专家系统的用户界面设计中的对弈策略与可视化技术,农业资源与环境信息管理中的GIS与 Web GIS开发、应用技术,数据库共享服务与农村经济发展动态分析中的统计分析与制表和地图制作、报表联合应用技术,综合性系统的集成技术等。

关键词: 对弈策略, 农业专家决策支撑系统, 信息农业, 预测模型

Abstract: This paper expounds the theory and methods of Agricultural Expert Decision Support System based on the authors’ research and practice experiences. The objective of the system is to set up optimum scheme on agricultural structure for the base units’ leaders. The key technologies are the computer simulation on agricultural development planning , the multi-standard evaluation models for agricultural structure, the agricultural investment evaluation models, the agriculture expert system, the strategy and method of a-gricultural transportation and storage, the interface for the agricultural expert decision support system, as well as the dynamic analysis and mapping for agricultural development.

Key words: Agricultural expert decision support system, forecast model, Information agriculture, strategy like play chess

中图分类号: 

  • TP182