地理科学进展 ›› 2001, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (4): 364-370.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2001.04.009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

1904~1907年拉萨气候特征再分析

张雪芹, 葛全胜   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 北京100101,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2001-09-01 修回日期:2001-11-01 出版日期:2001-12-24 发布日期:2011-04-14
  • 作者简介:张雪芹(1971-),女,博士。现在中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所从事气候变化和环境变迁研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G1998040811);中国科学院知识创新工程项目(KZCX2-314);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程领域前沿项目(CXIOG-E01-05-01)

Reanalysis on the Climatic Characteristics of Lhasa During 1904~1907 A.D.

ZHANG Xue qin, GE Quan sheng   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2001-09-01 Revised:2001-11-01 Online:2001-12-24 Published:2011-04-14

摘要: 通过对以《有泰拉萨天气日志》为主的历史文献资料的深入挖掘 ,作者分析了 1 90 4年 2月 9日~ 1 90 7年 4月 1 7日拉萨的气候特征 :气候温暖 ,暖冬现象显著 ,而且 1 90 5年气温高于 1 90 4年 ;干旱气候占主导地位 ,间有多雨期 ;天气多变 ,多风 ,有雾 ;水灾、雪灾、干旱等自然灾害严重。拉萨与全球同时段的气候变化大体一致。

关键词: 1904~1907年, 拉萨, 气候特征, 有泰拉萨天气日志

Abstract: Historical documents, especially the personal diaries in history, have unique advantages in reflecting climatic events or disaster events, i.e., accuracy in recording time and describing events. Basing on the deep analysis on historical documents, particularly "Weather Diary of Lhasa Recorded by You Tai" lasting from February 9, 1904 to April 17, 1907, the climatic characteristics of Lhasa during this period are summarized as follows. During 1904~1907 A.D., the climate of Lhasa was warm with obvious warm winter, and the temperature of 1905 was warmer than that of 1904. At the same period, it was dominated by dry climate accompanied by temporary periods with rich rain; the weather was diverse with plenty of wind and fog. In addition, the natural disasters occurred frequently, including waterlogging, snow hazard, and drought, etc. Analysis also indicates that the climatic change of Lhasa during 1904~1907 A.D. was generally consistent with that of other regions of China and the world, which implies that the period from the late 19th century and the early 20th century was one transition period from the cold to the warm for the climate of Tibetan Plateau. Combining with other analyses about the proxy records of climatic change, we can approve from the regional angle that the Little Ice Age (LIA) was the most direct background event of current global warming. In the future research, we expect to perfect the understanding about the climatic change characteristics of Lhasa during 1904~1907 A.D., which will be beneficial to the understanding about the climatic change of the whole Tibetan Plateau.

Key words: 1904~1907 A.D., Climatic characteristics, Lhasa, Lhasa Weather Diary Recorded by You Tai

中图分类号: 

  • P468