地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 374-381.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.04.011

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以色列荒漠开发的经验及其对宁夏发展的启示

宋乃平1, 李运生2   

  1. 1. 宁夏大学经济社会发展研究中心, 银川750021;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-06-01 修回日期:2000-09-01 出版日期:2000-12-25 发布日期:2000-12-25
  • 作者简介:宋乃平(1963-),男,副教授,从事区域地理等的教学与研究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49671027)

Some Experiences of Desert Development in Israel and Their Inspirations to Ningxia’s Development

SONG Nai ping1, LI Yun sheng2   

  1. 1. Research Center of Economy, Society and Development of Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2000-06-01 Revised:2000-09-01 Online:2000-12-25 Published:2000-12-25

摘要: 在特殊的国际政治环境中 ,以色列狭小贫瘠的国土与快速的人口增长过程构成了复杂的人地关系矛盾。但它依靠先进的水资源开发利用技术 ,重视科学技术在荒漠开发中的应用 ,建立现代市场农业 ,创建文明有序的社会组织 ,成功地开发了荒漠。宁夏与以色列有许多相似之处。因此结合本地特点 ,借鉴以色列荒漠开发的经验 ,对宁夏发展具有现实的指导意义。

关键词: 荒漠开发, 宁夏, 启示, 以色列

Abstract: Being in a badly outside political and sever natural environmental conditions such as suffering a lot of wars and facing population explosion caused by continually emigration and short of water and other natural resources, Israel has a complex man-earth relationship. By hard working and applications of advanced technology for years, Israel has been successful in developing its desert area. The experiences are as following: employing of advanced agricultural techniques such as computerized agriculture, even recently Robert agriculture, water-saving techniques mainly on irrigation methods to rationally use water resource; establishing a modernized marketing agriculture, and setting up a civilized and orderly social organization. Ningxia is similar to Israel in many aspects. From the comparisons being made between Ningxia, China and the State of Israel in this paper, it is of some practical significance for Ningxia to learn from the above experiences in its development.

Key words: Desert development, Inspirati, Israel, Ningxia

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