地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 366-373.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.04.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于区域资源环境容量的产业结构分析——以北京怀柔县为例

张晓东, 池天河   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-08-01 修回日期:2000-09-01 出版日期:2000-12-25 发布日期:2000-12-25
  • 作者简介:张晓东(1966-),女,博士。研究方向为GIS、决策支持系统。
  • 基金资助:

    国家“九五”攻关项目资助(97-925)

An Appraisal of Regional Industrial Structure Based on Environments and Resources——An Example of Huairou County

ZHANG Xiao dong, CHI Tian he   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2000-08-01 Revised:2000-09-01 Online:2000-12-25 Published:2000-12-25

摘要: 资源禀赋是区域产业结构的基础 ,生态环境对产业结构起着制约作用。资源环境与经济关系的协调与否是产业结构合理的必要条件。本文通过资源供需、环境承载力和经济效益 ,建立了资源环境与经济的关系模型 ,定量分析判断产业结构的合理性。并对怀柔进行了实证分析 ,结果表明怀柔县的资源供需不平衡 ,产业结构需要调整。

关键词: 产业结构, 怀柔县, 环境承载力, 模型, 资源供需

Abstract: The industrial structure is interrelated to resources and environments. The harmonious relation between the economic benefit and the environment is the principle to distinguish whether the industrial structure should be readjust. The resource base is the basic condition of the industrial structure and the environmental capacity restricts it. But, in fact, the industrial structure is irrelevant with the condition of the resource sometimes in our country; especially the environment pollution is ignored in the development of the economy. For decision makers, it is difficult to judge the rationality of the industrial structure only by qualitative analyses, and quantitative analyses are more important. In the paper, an appraisal model of industrial structure is put forward and applied to Huairou County, Beijing. The rational appraising model of the industrial structure is determined by the sum of resource support index, environmental capacity index and economic benefit structure index. From the series results of ten years from 1989 to 1997, we can find that the trend of the industrial structure tends to be rational. The main problem of Huairou County is a lack of resources. According to the results of the model analysis, Huairou needs to adjust its industrial structure by developing tour industry, and beverage industry, instead of heavy industry, in the future.

Key words: environmental capacity, Huairou, industrial structure, modeling, resource base

中图分类号: 

  • X26