地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 351-358.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.04.008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市快速增长期生态与环境整合指标体系研究

杨燕风1, 王黎明1, 王宏伟2, 许顺才2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国城市规划设计研究院, 北京100037
  • 收稿日期:2000-09-01 修回日期:2000-10-01 出版日期:2000-12-25 发布日期:2000-12-25
  • 作者简介:杨燕风(1967-),男,硕士,中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所人地系统开放研究室助理研究员。近年来主要从事区域可持续发展、人地系统机理与调控等领域研究,发表论文多 篇,出版编著2本。E-mail:young9900@yahoo.com或young9900@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金青年基金资助项目(59808013);中国科学院知识创新工程重点资助项目(KZCX2-307);地理科学与资源研究所知

A Study on Urban Ecology and Environment Integrating Index System in the Period of Rapid Urban Growth

YANG Yan feng1, WANG Li ming1, WANG Hong wei2, XU Shun cai2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. China Academic of Urban Planning and Design, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2000-09-01 Revised:2000-10-01 Online:2000-12-25 Published:2000-12-25

摘要: 我国城市化已进入快速增长时期 ,同时城市的环境恶化、生态破坏也成为制约城市发展的瓶颈之一。由于在概念的理解上 ,“生态”与“环境”既有一定的区别 ,同时也有重叠的部分 ,导致城市生态指标与环境指标选取易出现一定的混淆或过于偏重某一方面 ,影响对城市生态与环境总体特征的全面反映。

关键词: 城市发展, 生态与环境整合, 指标体系

Abstract: China is now experiencing the process of rapid urbanization, while environmental deterioration and ecological destruction in urban areas are becoming bottlenecks of urban growth at the same time. On account of the disparity and overlapping of the concepts between ecology and environment, the selection of urban ecological indices and environmental indices often contains problems of confusing the two aspects or overweighting one of the aspect, thus impairing the overall reflection of urban ecological and environmental characteristics. From the status in quo and discipline currents of ecology and environmental science, and the combining trend of ecological indices and environmental indices in China and abroad, this paper bring forward the basic principles of integrating urban ecological and environmental indices, and integrate them into a united index system using quantitative methods. Finally, the integrated index system is designed bearing fore functional aspects, namely condition, progress, capability, and alertness. Basing on the methodologies of sustainable development and systematic studies, some attempts are taken during the research, such as attaching the importance of recovery ability of environment and ecosystem, emphasizing the necessity for building the mechanism of system alertness, combining some quantitative analysis in the qualitative analysis, etc., so as to improve the practicability and controllability of index system in the dramatic urban development.

Key words: ecology and environment, integrating index sys, urban development

中图分类号: 

  • X171