地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (4): 327-334.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.04.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西部开发的生态背景与农村脱贫的关系

张义丰1, 王又丰1, 程志刚1, 周礼2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国农业科学院农业经济研究所, 北京100081
  • 收稿日期:2000-10-01 修回日期:2000-11-01 出版日期:2000-12-25 发布日期:2000-12-25
  • 作者简介:张义丰(1954-),男,研究员。毕业于北京大学地理系,主要从事农业与农村经济可持续发展研究及流域的开发治理研究。发表专著3部,论文30余篇。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程领域前沿项目(CXIOG-B00-01-01)

The Relationship between the Ecology Background of Reclaiming the West and the Out-of-poverty

ZHANG Yi feng1, WANG You feng1, CHENG Zhi gang1, ZHOU Li2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Institute of Agriculture Economy, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science, Beijing
  • Received:2000-10-01 Revised:2000-11-01 Online:2000-12-25 Published:2000-12-25

摘要: 西部是一个以农业为主的区域 ,农业是西部开发成败的关键。目前 ,西部的农业基础设施落后、生态环境恶劣、农民收入水平低、生活贫困。如何改变这种状况成为当前西部开发的焦点。本文立足于西部的现实 ,提出改善西部农业生态环境是西部农业振兴的关键 ,并提出一系列切实可行的具体措施及应注意的问题。

关键词: 农村脱贫, 生态环境, 西部开发

Abstract: Agriculture is the main department of the west of China, and the basic way to feed the people. But the agriculture level of the west is fairly laggard. Lack of the apparatus and machinery has become a big problem to this region. The ecology environment of the West is so poor that the habitat gets too little production to sustain their life. How to meliorate this situation is an important topic of the development of the west. Analysing the agriculture condition of the west and the main reason for the low level of agriculture, we can draw the conclusion that the bad eco environment is the most important reason for the lagging of the west. So the eco environmental protection and rehabilitation should be taken as a core issue and a pressing task. Several strategies about how to improve the eco environment are suggested in this paper, including inhibit deforesting and reclaiming, change some used land to forestry and meadow and build the preservative forestry for the water source. By these means the west of China will get not only the eco environment production but also the economy and society production. The fulfilment of these strategies needs lots of related laws and regulations. And it is necessary for the government to pay more attention to the agricultural development of the West and the eco environment protection.

Key words: eco environment, reclamation of the West, rural buildi@

中图分类号: 

  • F323