地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (3): 193-202.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.03.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

喀斯特地貌研究进展与趋势

宋林华   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2000-03-01 修回日期:2000-07-01 出版日期:2000-08-24 发布日期:2000-08-24
  • 作者简介:宋林华(1942-),男,研究员,博士生导师。1966年毕业于南京大学地质系。主要从事喀斯特地貌、洞穴学和风景地学研究,在国内外发表论文100余篇,出版编著5本。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49471008)

Progress and Trend of Karst Geomorphology Study

SONG Lin hua   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:2000-03-01 Revised:2000-07-01 Online:2000-08-24 Published:2000-08-24

摘要: 我国喀斯特地貌研究在 2 0世纪后半叶取得了巨大进展 ,特别自 80年代 ,喀斯特与物理、化学、生物学、数学等学科相结合 ,借助于计算机和先进的测试技术 ,开辟了许多研究领域 ,加速了喀斯特地貌理论与应用的发展。本文着重评述了喀斯特地貌的演化 ,喀斯特溶蚀强度与速率 ,深部喀斯特发育机理 ,生物喀斯特和喀斯特与古环境等方面的新进展 ,展望了 2 1世纪初将在喀斯特生态系统、古环境与全球变化研究、风景旅游洞穴环境的改善与景观风化的防治、实验和量化喀斯特地貌的研究等方面将得到加强和取得丰硕成果。

关键词: 喀斯特地貌, 趋势, 研究进展

Abstract: The study of karst Geomorphology in China has made great progresses in 20 Century, especially in 90’s. Karstology linking with modern physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics etc. and aimed with computer and advantage analysis technology, many new fields such as hydrological geomorphology, karst hydrogeochemistry, fractal karst geomorphology, karst paleo environment etc. have been developed and the development theoretical and practical karst geomorphology have been accelerated. The paper is stressed on the progress: (1) the evolution of karst landform, many evidences show that the fengcong (peak clusters) landscape will develop to the fenglin (peak forests) landscapes in the favour conditions; (2) karst corrosion intensity and rates are mainly depended on the precipitation, temperature, geomorphological features and characteristics, lithology and geological structures. The karstification is stronger in south China than in north China in the influence of the tropical and subtropical monsoon climate, hot and wet in summer, cold and dry in winter; (3) the deep karst is well developed under the effect of geological structures, the organism is decomposed to produce the organic acids and releases great amount of CO 2; (4) no doubt, karst development is very difficult if there is any bio karst function. The features produced by the microorganism form the base for the macro karst geomorphology; (5) recently, the stalagmites have been employed to study the palaeo climate and environment by the micro laminae technique. Also the prospects have been made for the studying the karst ecological system and environment restoration and improvement, karst paleo environment and groble changes, environment protection and restoration of weathered and damaged speleothem landscape in show caves, experimental and quantitative karst geomorphology etc.. It will be paid more attention to enhance and get more important results in the early of 21 century with the intensive development in the karst regions of southwestern China.

Key words: Karst Geomorphology, Progress, Tendency

中图分类号: 

  • P931.5