地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (2): 116-127.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.02.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国土地利用变化及其影响的空间建模分析

陈佑启1, PeterH.Verburg2, 徐斌1   

  1. 1. 中国农业科学院资源区划所,北京100081;
    2. 荷兰瓦赫宁根农业大学,瓦赫宁根6809RZ
  • 收稿日期:2000-04-01 修回日期:2000-05-01 出版日期:2000-04-24 发布日期:2000-04-24
  • 作者简介:陈佑启(1963-),男,博士,副研究员。主要从事土地利用与农业资源评价等方面的研究,已发表学术论文及著作合计40余篇(部)。E-mail:chenyqi@371.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重大项目资助(39899370-06)

Spatial Modeling of Land Use and Its Effects in China

CHEN Youqi1, Peter H. Verburg2, XU Bin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Natural Resources and Regional Planning,CAAS, Beijing 100081;
    2. Wageningen Agricultural University, Wageningen 6809 RZ
  • Received:2000-04-01 Revised:2000-05-01 Online:2000-04-24 Published:2000-04-24

摘要: 通过 GIS建模 ,本文分析了我国土地利用的变化与其影响因子之间的相互作用关系 ,并着重对耕地的变化及其空间分布进行了模拟。研究发现 ,土地利用的变化主要是自然与经济因素综合作用的结果 ,并且区分不同的规模尺度与不同的区域类型 ,将对提高土地利用空间变化模型的精度有着重要的影响。

关键词: GIS建模, 规模相关性, 空间分析, 土地利用变化

Abstract: This paper introduces the main principles and structure of the GIS model (CLUECH, Conversion of land use and its effects in China) to analyze the land use change. Through GIS modeling, this paper reveals the factors that determine the distribution of the different land use types, and special emphasis is put to cultivated land. Correlation and regression analysis are used to identify the most important explanatory variables from a large set of candidate determining factors. We found that the distribution of land use in China is best described by a combination of different biophysical and socio economic factors. Furthermore, both scale and type of the studied region can have a very important effect on the correctness of the model. The result shows that the distribution of cultivated land is strongly correlated with the distribution of population, especially with the distribution of agricultural population. This relation shows the rural character of China, where population and agriculture are strongly clustered. Other important factors explaining the distribution of cultivated land are the suitability of the soil for irrigated rice cultivation, elevation, temperature, and some hydrological conditions. This means that cultivated land is also strongly related to the suitability of the soil for agriculture. In the spatial aspect, this model reveals that the conversion of cultivated land in China will mainly happen in the transition area between the eastern farming region and the west husbandry region, because of the land suitability and ecological reasons. The main results of the CLUECH model can be judged as reasonable and applied to the policy making related land use/land cover change.

Key words: GIS modeling, land use change, scale dependence, spatial analysis

中图分类号: 

  • F301.23