地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (1): 80-87.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.01.012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论区域持续发展中的资源导向模式

谢强, 王红亚   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:1999-07-01 修回日期:1999-11-01 出版日期:2000-01-24 发布日期:2000-01-24
  • 作者简介:谢强(1972-),男,北京大学城市与环境学系自然地理专业硕士研究生,主要研究方向为区域综合开发。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(49871074)

A Tentative Discussion on the Resources-oriented Patterns in Regional Sustainable Development

XIE Qiang WANG Hong ya   

  1. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University 100871
  • Received:1999-07-01 Revised:1999-11-01 Online:2000-01-24 Published:2000-01-24

摘要: 区域作为地球表面的一部分 ,包含若干地理环境内容 ,具有一定的环境结构 ,同时区域又是各种资源的承载体 ,必然具有资源结构 ,区域的资源结构与环境相互交错形成区域特有的资源——环境结构。两大类资源即自然资源和人文资源与自然、人文环境相互作用共同构成了区域的多种资源——环境结构类型 ,不同的结构类型对区域发展的作用不同 ,但只有占主导地位的结构类型才有可能对区域发展起导向作用。基于此 ,本文用可持续发展的观点 ,提出了区域持续发展的三种资源导向模式 ,即自然资源导向型、人文资源导向型和资源综合导向型 ,并对每种模式进行了详细的分析和进一步的划分 ,最后对不同类型资源导向模式的动态转化进行了分析。

关键词: 动态转化, 区域持续发展, 资源—环境结构, 资源导向

Abstract: As one part of the Earth surface, region contains something of the geographical environment, so it surely possesses the environment structure, simultaneously it is a carrier for various resources and it also possesses the resources structure. The resources structure and environment structure impact on each other and they constitute the special resource environment structure in one region. The two kinds of resources which are physical resources and human resources, the physical environment and human environment, they all impact on one another, so they constitute kinds of resource environment structures. Although the different have different functions, only what lies in dominant position can be likely to orient the regional development. Based on those and from the viewpoint of sustainable development, this paper brings forward three kinds of resources oriented patterns, they are physical resources oriented patterns, human resources oriented patterns and compositive resources oriented patterns. Each kind of pattern has been discussed, to which subpatterns are gived. At last the dynamic transformation among the different kinds of resources oriented patterns has been analysed.

Key words: Dynamic transformation, Regional sustainable development, Resource environment structure, Resources oriented pattern

中图分类号: 

  • F062.1