地理科学进展 ›› 2000, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (1): 9-16.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2000.01.003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域发展和水资源利用透明交互决策系统

王劲峰1, 陈红焱2, 王智勇1, 时培中1, 武继磊1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理研究所资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室,北京100101;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境科学系,北京100837
  • 收稿日期:1999-12-01 修回日期:2000-01-01 出版日期:2000-01-24 发布日期:2000-01-24
  • 作者简介:王劲峰(1965-),男,博士,研究员。从事地理信息系统和空间分析研究,在Transactionsin GIS,International Journal of Remote Sensing,中国科学、科学通报、自然科学进展等刊物发表论文40余篇,由科学出版社和中国科技出版社出版专(合)著5部。
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院“九五”重大项目( KZ951-A1-203;KZ951-A1-302);特别支持项目资助(KZ95T-03)

Decision Support System for Regional Development and Water Resources Coordination

WANG Jin feng1, CHEN Hong yan2, WANG Zhi yong1, SHI Pei zhong1, WU Ji lei1   

  1. 1. LREIS, Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    2. Department of Urban and Environment Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100087
  • Received:1999-12-01 Revised:2000-01-01 Online:2000-01-24 Published:2000-01-24

摘要: 区域发展与水资源是密切相关的 ,本文提出以时空运筹模型为核心的决策判断过程透明和分层交互的决策系统 ,简称透明交互决策系统。用户可以使用此系统找到研究区社会经济发展与水资源协调的方案。

关键词: 交互, 决策系统, 区域发展, 时空运筹模型, 水资源利用, 透明

Abstract: Regional development is linked closely with water resources in many regions, many factors interact in a coordinating and decision making process. Currently, there are two typical spatial decision support system based on GIS: one is Leung’s system (Yee Leung and Wong, 1993): consisting with several subsystems: knowledge base, inference engine, input and output interface, etc. The system’s infrastructure is completed and widely used, the decision is based on fuzzy clustering algorithm; another is Lin’s (Lin. et al, 1997): the decision depends on fuzzy weighting and scoring, the system is designed on internet base, the users could interact with the system easily through internet. The decision theory for the both system could be grouped as factor analysis, a one way linear decision process. In fact, many decisions is a repetition and comparative process, there are feedback and dynamic mechanisms inside. The decision support system based on the feedback dynamic mechanism should be more close to the real world than the one with one way linear decision. In the paper, a decision making system based on a spatial temporal operation theory is suggested. In technical aspect, we have designed a transparent and interactive multi layer decision interface to realize the theory and for practice use.

Key words: Coordinating in space and time, Decision process, Regional development, Transparent and interactive, Water resources

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.9