地理科学进展 ›› 1999, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (3): 215-221.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1999.03.004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国南方地区土地退化动态变化及人类活动影响

卢金发   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,100101.北京
  • 收稿日期:1999-07-01 修回日期:1999-08-01 出版日期:1999-08-25 发布日期:1999-08-25
  • 作者简介:卢金发(1944-),男,研究员,中国地理学会遥感专业委员会理事。长期从事流域侵蚀与产沙及其所引起的土地退化和土地荒漠化研究与制图,主编大型专题图件一套,发表论文近三十篇,合作主编专著4本。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金

Change of Land Degradation in South China and Impacts of Human Activities

LU Jin fa   

  1. Institute of Geography, CAS, 100101 Beijing
  • Received:1999-07-01 Revised:1999-08-01 Online:1999-08-25 Published:1999-08-25

摘要: 中国南方典型研究区50 年代和80 年代土地退化的对比分析表明, 近几十年来, 不同人类活动地区土地退化变化呈现出各自不同的特点, 土地退化发展最严重的地区既不是人口密度较小和经济较落后的基岩山区,也不是人口密度大、经济发达和土地开垦程度高的低丘岗地区, 而是人口增长速度较快, 经济不够发达的低山丘陵地区。

关键词: 动态变化, 人类活动, 土地退化, 中国南方

Abstract: Three pilot areas are chosen for study on temporal change of land degradation in South China. Based on criteria for land degradation assessment an interpretation of land use, vegetation, surface material and erosion morphology is made by using aerial photos of two periods, and with the help of GIS an assessment of land degradation is carried out by using Fuzzy model. Comparison of land degradation maps between 1950’s and 1980’s shows that changes of land degradation are different from one area to another because of differences of human activities. In the mountain area slightly affected by human activity very slightly degraded land markedly increases due to soil conservation and the remained degraded land tends to decrease from 1950’s to 1980’s. The reverse situation happens in the area heavily affected by human activity and morphologically characterized by lower undulating hills. Development of land degradation there manifests itself as drastic reduction of non degraded land and severely and very severely degraded land as well as increases of slightly and moderately degraded land. In the low mountain and hill area moderately affected by human activity some increase of moderately degraded land is observed at the expense of marked decrease of non degraded land. It is proved that the changes of land degradation are mainly attributed to reclamation of land and depletion of vegetation led by adverse human activities. In South China most severe land degradation has taken place neither in the mountain area slightly affected by human activity nor in the area heavily affected by human activity and morphologically characterized by lower undulating hills but in the low mountain and hill area moderately affected by human activity.

Key words: Human activity, Land degradation, South China, Temporal change

中图分类号: 

  • S157