地理科学进展 ›› 1999, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 163-171.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1999.02.010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

青藏高原生态环境问题研究

牛亚菲   

  1. 中科院地理所区域可持续发展机理与调控开放实验室,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1998-12-01 修回日期:1999-04-01 出版日期:1999-04-24 发布日期:1999-04-24
  • 作者简介:牛亚菲(19572),女,副研究员。1985年于北京大学地理系获硕士学位,现为中国科学院地理研究所在职博士,中国旅游协会生态旅游专业委员会副秘书长。
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究立项经费资助,中国科学院高原研究项目

The study of environment in the Plateau of Qin Tibet

NIU Ya fei   

  1. Laboratary of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:1998-12-01 Revised:1999-04-01 Online:1999-04-24 Published:1999-04-24

摘要: 论述青藏高原生态环境现状和面临的严重问题,从人口、资源和环境角度阐述造成高原严重生态环境问题的自然和社会根源。分析解决高原生态环境问题所面临的巨大的自然和社会经济障碍,给出重新认识和评价高原资源优势的新视点,并提出适合于高原自然和社会经济环境的优先产业。

关键词: 青藏高原, 生态环境, 优势产业, 资源优势

Abstract: The paper analyses the characteristics of nature environment in the Plateau of Qing Tibet and values of environment of the Plateau of Qing Tibet for protecting environment of other regions of the world, especially for the around regions. The quality of environment of the Plateau of Qing Tibet will affect not only the Plateau of Qing Tibet but also around regions. The improvement of environment in the Plateau of Qing Tibet will bring not only environmental benefit to the Plateau of Qing Tibet, meanwhile, can also improve the environment of the around regions. It is very important to protect environment of the Plateau of Qing Tibet for improving environment of the around regions. At present, the Plateau of Qing Tibet is confronting serious environmental deterioration, because of the rapid population growth, low level of the agricultural production and shortage of the investment funds. The paper analyses the obstruction to resolve the problems of environmental deterioration in the aspects of nature and population factors. There have been many plans and steps for improving environment in the Plateau of Qing Tibet, but the effects are little. It is necessary to evaluate the methods and policies of protecting environment in the Plateau of Qing Tibet. The author puts forward the new point of view to estimate the advantage of natural resources and raises suitable industries on the basis of natural and social conditions of the Plateau of Qing Tibet.

Key words: advantage industries, environment, resource, the Plateau of Qing Tibet

中图分类号: 

  • X17