地理科学进展 ›› 1999, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 12-19.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1999.01.002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国的可持续发展——现状、挑战与行动

傅小锋   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1999-01-01 出版日期:1999-01-24 发布日期:1999-01-24
  • 作者简介:傅小锋,1966年生,中国科学院地理研究所博士后。主要从事区域发展,城市与区域规划领域研究。发表《绿洲经济发展的思考》等论文多篇。
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点科技攻关资助

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA:CONTRIBUTION,CHALLENGE AND ACTION

Fu Xiaofeng   

  1. Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of Science,Beijing 100101
  • Received:1999-01-01 Online:1999-01-24 Published:1999-01-24

摘要: 可持续发展是当今全球面临的中心问题之一。通过对中国国情的分析,本文从中国传统文化、农业成就、人口控制以及经济发展四个方面阐述了可持续发展的有利因素,分析了在人口总量压力、食物安全保障、生态保护及贫困问题上面临的困难与挑战,总结了中国近年来在可持续发展领域的行动。

关键词: 可持续发展, 现状、挑战与行动, 中国

Abstract: Sustainable development has become one of the most important issues of the mankind. At first, according to the situation of China, this paper mainly recounts the contributions in Chinese traditional culture, agricultural achievement, population control and economic development. Secondly, it analysis the main challenges of sustainable development in China as follows: (1) the huge cardinal number of population and the higher increase of population in absolute magnitude influence the accumulation and the consumpution level; (2) the shortage of agricultural resources and infrastructures endanger the food security of China; (3) the shortage of natural resources, degeneration of ecological environment and its protection face a new challenge; (4) eliminating poverty will be a great task. Finally, it conclude the China’s actions to promote sustainable development.

Key words: China, Present situation、challenge and action;, Sustainable development