地理科学进展 ›› 1999, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 1-11.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1999.01.001

• 论文 •    下一篇

论地图学知识创新体系的构建

齐清文1, 张安定2   

  1. 1. 中科院地理所地图室,北京100101;
    2. 烟台师范学院地理系,烟台264025
  • 收稿日期:1998-10-01 出版日期:1999-01-24 发布日期:1999-01-24
  • 作者简介:齐清文,男,1963年出生。现任中国科学院地理研究所地图室主任,副研究员。1981年~1988年就读于陕西师大地理系,先后获地理专业学士和地图学与遥感专业硕士学位,1988年7月至1993年8月在湖南师大地理系任教,1996年获中国科学院地理研究所地图学与地理信息系统专业博士学位,1996年10月至1998年6月在清华大学土木系“3S”中心进行博士后研究工作。主要从事地图学和GIS的理论与技术研究。先后在国内外学术刊物和学术会议上发表论文近30篇,出版专著(合著)一部。

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE KNOWLEDGEINNOVATION SYSTEM OF CARTOGRAPHY

Qi Qingwen1, Zhang Anding2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101;
    2. Geography Department,Yantai Normal College,Yantai 264025
  • Received:1998-10-01 Online:1999-01-24 Published:1999-01-24

摘要: 地图学是一门既古老又年青的学科,在地球科学中起着十分重要的作用。本文从探讨地图的科学价值和地图学学科归属入手,深入研究了地图学的知识创新和知识增长模式,制定了地图学的知识创新体系和研究方案,并讨论了三个核心创新点的实质、难点、创新途径等。本文认为,地图学的知识创新体现的是地图的科学价值的增殖,地图学的实际应用则体现了地图的社会功能的增强。地图学的知识创新方案应该包括从基础理论和应用基础理论研究,到技术创新,再到新产品开发和地图产业化的整个过程和体系。

关键词: 地图学, 知识创新和增长模式, 知识创新体系

Abstract: As an old and also young discipline, cartography plays an important role in Geo science. This paper starts at discussing the scientific value of maps and the disciplinary category of cartography, and then expounds deeply the model of knowledge innovation & increment of cartography. Furthermore, the authors present their design on the knowledge innovation system of cartography and the scheme of research on it. Finally, three major knowledge innovation points of cartography are analyzed, including their essence, difficulties in them, as well as innovation approaches. The authors conclusions are as follows: 1)the knowledge innovation of cartography embodies the increment of map’s scientific value, and the various applications of cartography reflects the enhancement of map’s social functions; 2)the scheme of the Knowledge innovation of cartography covers the whole process of cartography, i.e., from pure basic theoretic research to applicational basic theoretic research, and to technological innovation, and finally the development of new map products.

Key words: cartography, increment;, knowledge innovation system, model of knowledge innovation &

中图分类号: 

  • G305