地理科学进展 ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 52-57.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1998.01.008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

USGCRP土地覆被研究的最新动向

王绍强, 陈育峰   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室
  • 收稿日期:1997-12-01 出版日期:1998-01-24 发布日期:1998-01-24
  • 作者简介:王绍强,男,1972年11月生。1994年于华中师范大学获得学士学位,1997年于北京师范大学获得硕士学位,现为中国科学院地理研究所资源与环境信息系统国家重点实验室博士研究生。
  • 基金资助:

    国家科委“九五”重中之重项目

THE LATEST TENDENCY OF RESEARCH ON LAND COVER CHANGE FROM USGCRP

Wang Shaoqiang, Chen Yufeng   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environment Information System, Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-12-01 Online:1998-01-24 Published:1998-01-24

摘要: 本文根据美国全球变化研究委员会提出的“美国全球变化研究计划”(USGCRP),概要介绍了土地覆被研究的目标、内容和设想。由于美国在这一领域研究中的领先地位,因此本文基本反映了国际上的最新趋势。

关键词: 美国全球变化研究计划, 全球变化, 土地覆被

Abstract: According to United States Global Change Research Program prepared by the subcommittee on Global Change Research of the Committee on Environment and Natural Resources Research, this paper simply introducs the goal, content and plan of land cover study in U.S. The USGCRP has advanced our understanding of the key global environmental science issues on the land cover changes. To understand the land cover changes in the terrestrial ecosystem, the goal of USGCRP is to understand, predict, assess and respond to the causes and consequences of the land cover changes in terrestrial ecosystem resulting from human induced and natural influences, and to provide a stronger scientific basis for the development of environment and resources. The USGCRP supports research projects to inventory the current land cover of the Earth and to document the changes; to improve understanding of the dynamics of land cover change; and to document and understand chemical, physical, and biological processes in the terrestrial and their relationship with Carbon Cycle. For land cover research of next ten years, USGCRP will face with some new challenges, such as estimation of time and space of changes in climate and land cover, region analyses of driving force of environment and social economy influence on land cover changes, comprehensive evaluation for changes in climate, land cover, social economy. Because of U. S. leading position on this field, this paper implies basically the international new tendency on land cover change study.

Key words: Global Change, Land cover, U.S.Global Change Research Program

中图分类号: 

  • S154.4