地理科学进展 ›› 1998, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 29-35.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.1998.01.005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

区位政策与区域经济发展

张文忠   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1998-01-01 出版日期:1998-01-24 发布日期:1998-01-24

LOCATIONAL POLICY AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Zhang Wenzhong   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1998-01-01 Online:1998-01-24 Published:1998-01-24

摘要: 本文从经济区位论的角度,研究了区位政策的目标和手段、以及它们对区域经济发展的作用。主要提出以下观点:①各级政府或决策部门可通过一定的区位政策,如区位投资环境的改善、区位补助金和区位倾斜政策等来诱导或限制个人或企业的经济活动行为的空间选择,最终实现国土的有效、均衡和可持续的发展;②区位政策对区域经济发展的作用主要表现在可以使利益空间的界限扩大或缩小,加速或缓减产业的空间集中或分散,刺激新产业区位生长点的形成,以及缩小区域经济差异等。

关键词: 经济区位论, 区位政策, 区域经济发展

Abstract: This paper focuses on a study of the targets and methods of regional policy, and their roles in the regional economic development from the angle of economic locational theory. Furthermore, it raise up some viewpoints: (1) governments at different levels or policy making departments, through locational policy, such as improvement of investment environment, Locational allowance and inclination of locational policy, can induce or confine space choice of individual or enterprise’s behavior in economic activities and implement the effective, harmonious and continuous development of national territory; (2) The main functions of locational policy in the regional economy can be described as fellows. First, it can make the margins of profit space expand or narrow; second, it can speed or slow the concentration or decentralization of industry; third, it stimulates to form new industrial locational points, and it reduces the difference of regional economy.

Key words: economic locational theory, locational policy, regional economic development

中图分类号: 

  • F127