地理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 446-453.doi: 10.18306/dlkxjz.2017.04.006

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

永济渠渠首段流路复原

仇晓东1(), 何凡能2,*(), 刘浩龙2, 肖冉2,3, 邓清海1   

  1. 1. 山东科技大学, 山东 青岛 266590
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 中国科学院陆地表层格局与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 10049
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-01 出版日期:2017-04-20 发布日期:2017-04-20
  • 通讯作者: 何凡能 E-mail:qiuxd1227@163.com;hefn@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:

    作者简介:仇晓东(1992-),男,山东青岛人,硕士研究生,主要从事水环境变迁研究,E-mail:qiuxd1227@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    科技基础性工作专项项目(2014FY210900);国家自然科学基金项目(41271227)

Reconstruction of flow route of the Yongji Canal in the head area

Xiaodong QIU1(), Fanneng HE2,*(), Haolong LIU2, Ran XIAO2,3, Qinghai DENG1   

  1. 1. Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, Shandong, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and Simulation, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2016-11-01 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2017-04-20
  • Contact: Fanneng HE E-mail:qiuxd1227@163.com;hefn@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    the Special Program for Basic Work of the Ministry of Science and Technology, China, No.2014FY210900;National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.41271227

摘要:

永济渠是隋唐时期北方地区一条重要的人工运河,对古代北方地区水运交通有着极为深远的影响。但有关其渠首段经流问题,至今仍存歧见。本文在野外考察的基础上,通过对史料及考古资料的梳理与分析,探讨了永济渠最初开凿时渠首段的具体位置及变迁过程,结果表明:①永济渠初开时,渠首段经流今河南省焦作市武陟县东北,具体流路自黄河入沁水,溯沁水西行,于白马沟村分沁水北行,至南石涧村折而东行,经北霍村、纪孟村、马范桥村、后董村、郇封村、纸坊村,于碑桥村附近入吴泽陂,经光沟水于合河镇入清水,东南接白沟;②渠首段运道因向西绕行过远,前后只经流了十数年,便于唐初弃用,并将运道起点改至淇门;③唐宋时期,为避开黄河对漕运的影响,政府采用广建漕仓、调节漕运等措施,推行水陆联运,以确保漕运的顺达。

关键词: 永济渠, 渠首段, 流路复原, 隋唐时期, 武陟地区

Abstract:

The Yongji Canal was an important artificial river in northern China in the Sui and Tang Dynasties and exerted profound influences on the shipping traffic in ancient China. However, the route of the canal in the head area has been unclear. Based on fieldworks in combination with systematic analysis of historical documents and archaeological evidence, we explored its route and change in the head area when the Yongji Canal was initially built. The results are as follows: (1) When the canal was first built, its flow passed through the northeast of Wuzhi County, then flowed from the Yellow River to the Qin River and toward the west, separated from the Qin River to Baimagou River and turned north, bended to the east at Nanshijian Village, then went through Beihuo Village, Jimeng Village, Mafanqiao Village, Houdong Village, Xunfeng Village, and Zhifang Village, flew into the Wuzepo near Beiqiao Village, then through the Guanggou flew into Qingshui at Hehe Town, finally connected with Baigou in the southeast; (2) This section of the canal was in use only for about 10 years due to its long detour westward, then it was abandoned in the early Tang Dynasty and the starting point of the canal was changed to Qimen; (3) During the Tang and Song Dynasties, in order to avoid the impact of the Yellow River on canal transport, the government adjusted water transport by building granary and encouraged the joint transport on water and land to ensure the smooth operation of canal transport.

Key words: Yongji Canal, canal head area, reconstruction of flow route, Sui and Tang Dynasties, Wuzhi area